Grade: Grade 10
Course Title: Canadian History since the First World War
Course code: CHC2D
Course Type: Academic
Credit value: 1.0
Pilot course: None
This course explores social, economic, and political developments and events and their impact on the lives of different groups in Canada since 1914. Students will examine the role of conflict and cooperation in Canadian society, Canada’s evolving role within the global community, and the impact of various individuals, organizations, and events on Canadian identity, citizenship, and heritage. They will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating key issues and events in Canadian history since 1914.
Unit Titles and Descriptions
Unit 1: 1914-1918, First World War
This unit discusses Canada's role in the First World War, and how it contributed to Canadian identity. It will address the issues of Canadian sovereignty, French- English relations, and the Aboriginal contribution to the war effort. The unit will also examine how, during this period and because of the war, the economy, the status of women, and immigration policy all changed.
Unit 2: 1918-1928, The Roaring Twenties
This unit will address the following questions: How did Canada exert and gain sovereignty during this period? Why is it significant that Canada's sovereignty was recognized by other nations? How did the political climate of Canada change during this period of time? Why were these changes significant? How did the economic state of regions of Canada, Canada as a whole, and the world, influence events and attitudes in Canada during this time? How have Canadian attitudes towards human rights changed since the 1920s?
Unit 3: 1929-1938, The Great Depression
This unit examines the ways in which the Great Depression affected Canadians' daily lives, as well as the changes in Canadian domestic and international policies. This period marks the rise of Socialism, the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, and new social welfare policies. In keeping with the course's larger themes, this unit also addresses the issue of Canadian identity and sovereignty with the introduction of the Statute of Westminster (1931).
Unit 4: 1939-1945, Second World War
The Second World War was a major turning point in Canadian (and World) history. WWII was the deadliest conflict in human history. This, in addition to the mass slaughter of civilians during this time, led to massive social, political, and economic changes in Canada, and throughout the world. International organizations were implemented to make sure atrocities, such as the Holocaust, would never occur again. Citizens felt entitled to more rights and a higher standard of living after what they had contributed to their country. This led to the formation of many human rights organizations, and the implementation of new social welfare policies.
Unit 5: 1946-1967, Challenge and Change
This unit examines in greater depth the social, political and cultural themes from the previous unit. During this era, racist policies were removed from immigration orders, the fight for equal pay for women began in earnest, and status Aboriginals were finally given the right to vote without having to give up being status Aboriginals. Refugees, once turned away from Canada's borders, entered by the hundreds of thousands. However, despite these improvements to human rights, conflict continued. The Cold War started immediately after WWII between western capitalist democracies and eastern communist dictatorships, both sides testing nuclear bombs in Korea, Vietnam and elsewhere.
Unit 6: 1968-1983, Canadian Identity
This unit deals with the era in Canada that spans Trudeau's time as Prime Minister (with an interlude in 1979 of Joe Clark's premiership). It was a time when Québec nationalism turned to sovereigntism, when the West's wealth grew rich through hard work in the oil fields, and when Acadians fought for access to the same services as their English compatriots. Canada was forever changed directly by Trudeau's changes, like his policies on bilingualism, multiculturalism and environmentalism. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which Canadians celebrate and enjoy to this day, is also a legacy of Trudeau's government. On the other hand, much of modern history can be seen as a reaction to Trudeau's policies. The Québec referenda in 1980 and 1995 were held partly in response to Trudeau's hardline federalism. Civil rights groups still debate his response to terrorism in 1970, and financial analysts still debate his attitude towards the country's money.
Unit 7: 1984-2018, Global Context
This unit examines the theme of French-English relations with a discussion of the patriation of the constitution and the failure of the Meech Lake and Charlottetown accords, and the Québec referendum in 1995. It will also study the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, and the end of the Cold War. With only one super-power left in the world, politics became, in some ways, more complex. The European Union was born; Iraq became an enemy state to the West; Yugoslavia and Rwanda became notorious during periods of intense violence. Undoubtedly, the greatest sea change was the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001, and the world's response to it, which continues to this day.
For the final assignment, students will produce a Timeline Exhibit that focuses on a specific topic in Canadian history. The exhibit can be presented via website, PowerPoint, Prezi presentation or another media form of the studentâ€™s choosing. This assignment is worth 20% of the overall grade.
This is a proctored exam worth 10% of your final grade.
Overall Curriculum Expectations
A. Historical Inquiry and Skill Development
Historical Inquiry: use the historical inquiry process and the concepts of historical thinking when investigating aspects of Canadian history since 1914
Developing Transferable Skills: apply in everyday contexts skills developed through historical investigation, and identify some careers in which these skills might be useful (
B. Canada, 1914–1929
Social, Economic, and Political Context: describe some key social, economic, and political events, trends, and developments between 1914 and 1929, and assess their significance for different groups in Canada
Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation: analyse some key interactions within and between different communities in Canada, and between Canada and the international community, from 1914 to 1929, and how they affected Canadian society and politics
Identity, Citizenship, and Heritage: explain how various individuals, organizations, and specific social changes between 1914 and 1929 contributed to the development of identity, citizenship, and heritage in Canada
C. Canada, 1929–1945
Social, Economic, and Political Context: describe some key social, economic, and political events, trends, and developments between 1929 and 1945, and assess their impact on different groups in Canada
Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation: analyse some key interactions within and between communities in Canada, and between Canada and the international community, from 1929 to 1945, with a focus on key issues that affected these interactions and changes that resulted from them
Identity, Citizenship, and Heritage: explain how various individuals, groups, and events, including some major international events, contributed to the development of identity, citizenship, and heritage in Canada between 1929 and 1945
D. Canada, 1945–1982
Social, Economic, and Political Context: describe some key social, economic, and political events, trends, and developments in Canada between 1945 and 1982, and assess their significance for different groups in Canada
Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation: analyse some key experiences of and interactions between different communities in Canada, as well as interactions between Canada and the international community, from 1945 to 1982 and the changes that resulted from them
Identity, Citizenship, and Heritage: analyse how significant events, individuals, and groups, including Aboriginal peoples, Québécois, and immigrants, contributed to the development of identity, citizenship, and heritage in Canada between 1945 and 1982
E. Canada, 1982 to the Present
Social, Economic, and Political Context: describe some key social, economic, and political events, trends, and developments in Canada from 1982 to the present, and assess their significance for different groups in Canada
Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation: analyse some significant interactions within and between various communities in Canada, and between Canada and the international community, from 1982 to the present, and how key issues and developments have affected these interactions
Identity, Citizenship, and Heritage: analyse how various significant individuals, groups, organizations, and events, both national and international, have contributed to the development of identity, citizenship, and heritage in Canada from 1982 to the present
Teaching and Learning Strategies:
The Canadian and world studies courses will prepare students for a life of responsible citizenship in which they think critically about events, developments and issues in their daily lives. In the history courses, the goal is to help students develop a sense of time. At their own pace, students will work towards:
● developing an understanding of past societies, developments, and events that enables them to interpret and analyse historical, as well as current, issues;
● analysing how people from diverse groups have interacted and how they have changed over time;
● understanding the experiences of and empathizing with people in past societies;
● developing historical literacy skills by analysing and interpreting evidence from primary and secondary sources.