Grade: Grade 9
Course Name: English
Course Code: eng1d
Course type: Academic
Credit value: 1.0
Pilot course: None
This course is designed to develop the oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 Academic English course, which leads to university or college preparation courses in Grades 11 and 12.
Unit Titles and Descriptions
A diverse collection of poetry, short stories, and myths provides students with the opportunity to read a wide variety of texts and to explore, discuss, and write about different text features and stylistic elements. Students have the opportunity to choose which genres they would like to study and will complete assignments for two of the three genres: poetry, short stories, and myths.
Drama and Media Studies
Shakespeare's Twelfth Night (both the play and modern productions) acts as a springboard into an exploration of modern situation comedy formulas, timeless humour, script adaptation, target audience, casting, and advertising. Students will complete a number of assignments based on the theme of adapting Twelfth Night for a modern television audience.
Novel Study - Stones or The Chrysalids
TThere are two novels to choose from in this unit. Students will choose one novel and complete assignments for that novel. On reading a longer work of fiction students will bring several reading and writing skills to their assignments. The novels are presented in the following ways: students are asked to read the novel in sections. In each section, students are provided with some comments on the characters and what is occurring in the plot. The notes will comment on the main characters as students get to know them. Each section of the novel will contain an idea from the novel to write about and submit to the teacher so she or he may evaluate it for the student.
This unit focuses on the development and understanding of active listening skills, good note-taking, planning an effective presentation, and on speaking skills and vocal strategies. Students will listen to and critically engage with a variety of lectures and presentations. Students will also plan, prepare, and deliver their own oral presentation, to be submitted in video format.
The final assessment task is a final examination worth 30% of the student's final mark. Students will be asked to demonstrate their understanding of skills and concepts learned and practised in the course.
Resources required by the student:
Note: This course is entirely online and does not require or rely on any textbook. Students may obtain appropriate textbooks to assist them as reference texts for this course but any text is entirely optional. Not optional however, is an internet connection.
Students will be also required to have:
A copy of the novel, Stones, by William Bell or The Chrysalids by John Wyndham.
Video and sound recording device.
Overall Curriculum Expectations
A. Oral Communication
Listening to Understand: listen in order to understand and respond appropriately in a variety of situations for a variety of purposes;
Speaking to Communicate: use speaking skills and strategies appropriately to communicate with different audiences for a variety of purposes;
Reflecting on Skills and Strategies: reflect on and identify their strengths as listeners and speakers, areas for improvement, and the strategies they found most helpful in oral communication situations.
B. Reading and Literature Studies
Reading for Meaning: read and demonstrate an understanding of a variety of literary, informational, and graphic texts, using a range of strategies to construct meaning;
Understanding Form and Style: recognize a variety of text forms, text features, and stylistic elements and demonstrate understanding of how they help communicate meaning;
Reading With Fluency: use knowledge of words and cueing systems to read fluently;
Reflecting on Skills and Strategies: reflect on and identify their strengths as readers, areas for improvement, and the strategies they found most helpful before, during, and after reading.
Developing and Organizing Content: generate, gather, and organize ideas and information to write for an intended purpose and audience;
Using Knowledge of Form and Style: draft and revise their writing, using a variety of literary, informational, and graphic forms and stylistic elements appropriate for the purpose and audience;
Applying Knowledge of Conventions: use editing, proofreading, and publishing skills and strategies, and knowledge of language conventions, to correct errors, refine expression, and present their work effectively;
Reflecting on Skills and Strategies: reflect on and identify their strengths as writers, areas for improvement, and the strategies they found most helpful at different stages in the writing process.
D. Media Studies
Understanding Media Texts: demonstrate an understanding of a variety of media texts;
Understanding Media Forms, Conventions, and Techniques: identify some media forms and explain how the conventions and techniques associated with them are used to create meaning;
Creating Media Texts: create a variety of media texts for different purposes and audiences, using appropriate forms, conventions, and techniques;
Reflecting on Skills and Strategies: reflect on and identify their strengths as media interpreters and creators, areas for improvement, and the strategies they found most helpful in understanding and creating media texts.
REGISTER - STANDARD
Teaching and Learning Strategies:
Students are exposed to a variety of genres throughout the course and develop skills to analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of texts which may include poems, short stories, myths, novels, non-fiction texts, plays, videos, and songs or other media texts from a wide range of cultures and time periods. Students identify and use various strategies including building vocabulary, learning to understand and use features and organization of texts, and developing knowledge of conventions. Throughout the course, students develop into stronger readers, writers, and oral communicators while making connections to the workplace and international events.
Teachers differentiate instruction to meet the diverse learning needs of students. Instructors also use electronic stimuli, including Discussion Boards and Dropbox, to assist students in reflecting on their learning and in setting goals for improvement in key areas while developing 21st century skills. These tools facilitate and support the editing and revising process for students as they create texts for different audiences and purposes.
Identifying and developing skills and strategies - through modeling of effective skills, students learn to choose and utilize varied techniques to become effective readers, writers, and oral communicators.
Communicating - several opportunities are provided for students to write and communicate orally.
Generating ideas and topics - teachers encourage students to design their own approaches to the material by maintaining frequent (often daily) online communication with students, by allowing some freedom in how students respond to topics and questions, and by encouraging students' independent thinking through discussion posts.
Researching - various approaches to researching are practised. Students learn how to cite sources and provide a works cited page at the end of longer assignments using MLA formatting.
Thinking critically - students learn to critically analyze texts and to use implied and stated evidence from texts to support their analyses. Students use their critical thinking skills to identify perspectives in texts, including biases that may be present.
Producing published work and making presentations - students engage in the editing and revising process, including self-revision, peer revision, and teacher revision all of which strengthen texts with the aim to publish or present student work.
Reflecting - through the use of drafts, discussion boards and other elements of the course, students reflect on the learning process, focus on areas for improvement, and make extensions between course content and their personal experiences.
Assessment, Evaluation and Reporting Strategies of Student Performance:
Our theory of assessment and evaluation follows the Ministry of Education's Growing Success document, and it is our firm belief that doing so is in the best interests of students. We seek to design assessment in such a way as to make it possible to gather and show evidence of learning in a variety of ways to gradually release responsibility to the students, and to give multiple and varied opportunities to reflect on learning and receive detailed feedback.
Growing Success articulates the vision the Ministry has for the purpose and structure of assessment and evaluation techniques. There are seven fundamental principles that ensure best practices and procedures of assessment and evaluation by Virtual High School teachers. VHS assessments and evaluations,
are fair, transparent, and equitable for all students;
support all students, including those with special education needs, those who are learning the language of instruction (English or French), and those who are First Nation, Métis, or Inuit;
are carefully planned to relate to the curriculum expectations and learning goals and, as much as possible, to the interests, learning styles and preferences, needs, and experiences of all students;
are communicated clearly to students and parents at the beginning of the course and at other points throughout the school year or course;
are ongoing, varied in nature, and administered over a period of time to provide multiple opportunities for students to demonstrate the full range of their learning;
provide ongoing descriptive feedback that is clear, specific, meaningful, and timely to support improved learning and achievement;
develop students’ self-assessment skills to enable them to assess their own learning, set specific goals, and plan next steps for their learning.
For a full explanation, please refer to Growing Success.
The Final Grade:
The evaluation for this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations and the demonstrated skills required for effective learning. The final percentage grade represents the quality of the student's overall achievement of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. A credit is granted and recorded for this course if the student's grade is 50% or higher. The final grade will be determined as follows:
70% of the grade will be based upon evaluations conducted throughout the course. This portion of the grade will reflect the student's most consistent level of achievement throughout the course, although special consideration will be given to more recent evidence of achievement.
30% of the grade will be based on final evaluations administered at the end of the course. The final assessment may be a final exam, a final project, or a combination of both an exam and a project.
The Report Card:
Student achievement will be communicated formally to students via an official report card. Report cards are issued at the midterm point in the course, as well as upon completion of the course. Each report card will focus on two distinct, but related aspects of student achievement. First, the achievement of curriculum expectations is reported as a percentage grade. Additionally, the course median is reported as a percentage. The teacher will also provide written comments concerning the student's strengths, areas for improvement, and next steps. Second, the learning skills are reported as a letter grade, representing one of four levels of accomplishment. The report card also indicates whether an OSSD credit has been earned. Upon completion of a course, VHS will send a copy of the report card back to the student's home school (if in Ontario) where the course will be added to the ongoing list of courses on the student's Ontario Student Transcript. The report card will also be sent to the student's home address.
Program Planning Considerations:
Teachers who are planning a program in this subject will make an effort to take into account considerations for program planning that align with the Ontario Ministry of Education policy and initiatives in a number of important areas.